Urceolina pendula Herb. 1837

Amaryllidaceae
Biblio : Curtis

Urceolina

Article dans Curtis's Botanical Magazine, Vol.90 Ser.3 n.20: Tab.5464 (1864).

Urceolina pendula
Illustration : W. Fitch. 800 x 1000 px (111 Ko)
TAB. 5464.

URCEOLINA PENDULA.

Drooping Urceolina.
Nat. Ord. AMARYLLIDACEÆ.-HEXANDRIA MONOGYNIA.
Gen. Char. Perigonium superum, corollaceum, rectum, e tubo gracili tereti ven- tricoso-campanulatum, 6-fidum, regulare, marcescendo-persistens ? ; laciniis brevi- bus, ovatis, subæqualibus, recurvato-patulis, exterioribus acuminatis. Stamina 6, summo tubo inserta, basi membrana juncta (corona staminifera abbreviata, sinubus interstamineis), exserta, inæqualia; sepalino superiore elongato, petalino inferiore abbreviato. Antheræ oblongæ, dorso infra medium affixæ, incumbentes. Ovarium subrotundo-ovatum, tricoccum, multiovulatum. Columna stylina fili- formis, erecta, stamina vix superans. Stigma obtusum, trigonum. Capsula trigona, trisulca, trilocularis, polysperma.-Herbæ bulbiferæ, scapigeræ, bulbo tunicato. Folia coætanea, petiolata, oblonga, crassa. Scapus solidus, convexo- planus, umbellato-pluriforus. Spatha polyphylla, marcescens. Flores pedicellati, penduli. Kth.
URCEOLINA pendula; foliis petiolatis tripalmaribus, palmam latis, scapo pedali, floribus 5-8 bipollicaribus, limbo inferne flavo, superne viridi albo-angulato, filamentis styloque limbum superantibus. Herb. URCEOLINA pendula. Herb. Amaryl. p. 193. Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 1838, n. 151. URCEOLARIA pendula. Herb. iAmaryl. App. 28. CRINUM urceolatum. Ruiz et Pan. Fl. Peruv. 3. p. 58. t. 287. fig. b. COLLANIA urceolata. Schult. Syst. Veget. 7. p. 893. Rœm. Amaryl. t. 54. Kth. Enum. Plant. 5. 645. URCEOLINA aurea. Gard. Chron. 1864, p. 627.
For the opportunity of figuring this very fine Amaryllidaceous plant, we are indebted to Messrs. Veitch, of King's Road, Chelsea, who, through their collector Mr. Pearce, imported the bulbs from Peru, where the locality given for it by Ruiz and Pavon (its first describers) is "woods on the Andes at Pozuzo and Pampa- marca." Mr. Herbert remarks that the size of the flowers is exaggerated in the 'Flora of Peru and Chili;' but such is not the case, as our specimen and figure will prove; and the shape and colour are very remarkable: the former is that of an inverted SEPTEMBER 1ST, 1864.

pitcher, having a remarkably inflated yellow upper part to the tube, while the limb is quite green with a white edge, the very contracted part of the tube is quite filiform. It has flowered in June of the present year, 1864. DESCR. Bulb subrotund, as large as a good-sized hyacinth or onion, tunicated. Leaves two, a span and more long (in the present instance on a different bulb from the scape), elliptic- oblong, shortly but sharply acuminated, rather thick and carnose, faintly striated, tapering rather suddenly below into a semiterete petiole about four inches long. Scape fifteen inches long, sub- terete, bearing at the summit a large umbel of drooping flowers. Pedicels 1½-2 inches long. Perianth with its base incorporated with the cordiform, three-lobed, three-celled ovary, then for about an inch it is contracted into a tube so narrow and green as to resemble a pedicel, thence it suddenly expands into a very large inflated broad-ovate portion of the tube with six shallow furrows, while the mouth is spreading, six-lobed, full green, white at the margins of the lobes. Stamens six, arising from a short, cup- shaped, six-toothed membrane, which lines the base of the inflated portion of the tube. Filaments long, exserted, nearly equal. Style very long, filiform, nearly equalling the stamens in length. Stigma clavate, subtrifid.
Fig. 1. Flower laid open. 2. Stigma. 3. Transverse section of the ovary:- magnified.

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